Welcome to the Charlotte County Archives a a CHARLOTTE COUNTY a a When New Brunswick was partitioned off from Nova Scotia in 1784 to accommodate the influx of United Empire Loyalists fleeing the United States after the Revolutionary War, Charlotte County was established as one of the new province’s eight original counties. Galleries a a View our online image and audiovisual holdings recording the history of Charlotte County. Charlotte county moments a a This series of short videos, produced by CHCO-TV with funding from the Fundy Community Foundation, features people, events, enterprises, and phenomena from Charlotte County’s past. Research a a Our atmospherically controlled vault contains over 90,000 documents recording the history of Charlotte County.
Welcome to

The Archives

Housed in the historic county gaol, The Charlotte County Archives’ rich and varied collection reflects the diversity, experience, and achievement of Charlotte County people. Archival materials dating from the 18th to 21st centuries include hundreds of thousands of original records reflecting individuals, families, groups, and businesses contributing to the social, cultural, economic, and political life of the region.

During most of the year, the Archives is open for visits, but we request that you make research appointments by contacting us in advance.

Charlotte County Archives

Visitors to the archives have access to more than 25,000 photographs, from the 1850s to today, and over 170 shelf metres of correspondence, maps, diaries, architectural drawings, albums, ledgers, ships-logs, deeds, and more. Our research room includes family histories; a small library of books relevant to the history of the area; microfilmed versions of regional newspapers dating back to the 1820s, many of them indexed for births, deaths, and marriages; and other resources for researchers of all kinds. Many of our collections databases are searchable online – we encourage you to have a look!

The Site

The Charlotte County Gaol was constructed in 1832 of grey granite blocks, 2.5 feet thick. The gaol is a solid square building with austere jail cells in active use until 1979. Each cell is completely closed in by granite blocks except for a very narrow iron door, creating an atmospheric tour site and doubtless a claustrophobic experience for prisoners.  Additional resource material can be found via this external site link.

The Charlotte County Courthouse, a light-filled provincial and national heritage site, provides a markedly different experience from the gaol. Designed by Thomas Berry and built in 1840, this classical-revival style courthouse is the best-preserved example of mid-nineteenth century Maritime Courthouses. In the early years of its history, the Courthouse was the focal point for community activities such as elections, fairs, parades, and official visits. It was the oldest courthouse in continuous use until 2016.

During summer months, and at other times via appointment, we invite visitors to once again walk the dim gaol corridor and face the judge’s chair.

The Old Gaol’s hours of operation for 2024 are:

June: Tuesday – Saturday, 10 am – 4 pm

July – August: Monday – Saturday, 10 am – 4 pm

September – October 14: Tuesday- Saturday, 10 am- pm

October 14 to May: Tours by appointment – please contact us.


Guided tours, which include the Courthouse as well as the gaol, are offered at 10:30 am and 1:30 pm from June to October 14. In July and August, there is also a tour at 3:30.

At other times, visitors are welcome to explore the gaol at their own pace through display panels and optional audio guides.


Organized and group tours (8+) may be offered at other times, but must be booked ahead.

Very interesting history and beautifully maintained.

Nancy Sloan

A great and informative tour. A must do in St Andrew

Cam Forgues

Awesome place to go, you'll love the ghost walks of St. Andrews

Jeanne Dawn Monks

Love this tour! Very much worth the stop! You might even meet Thomas the ghost!

Chantal Pierre

We loved our tour of the archives. Friendly and knowledgeable staff.

Janice Harmon

I grew up in Saint Andrews and was too busy to notice the history of this fascinating town. Many of the stories being told here are new to me and it is nice to have the background stories available. Thank you for sharing.

Bob Thomas
Charlotte County Archives


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